Basic Information on ROUTER BITS

Router Bit is a fundamental tool for woodworking projects giving a quality finish to the wood products. It cuts the wood piece in a method providing you with a clean, even and a decorative edge to the woodwork. Following is some basic information about router bits to get you going easily with your woodworking efforts.

BASIC Information of ROUTER BITS

There are three main parts of a Router Bit:
1) THE SHANK – This part of the router bit is inserted into the collet i.e. the sleeve of the router.
2) THE CUTTING EDGE – This part cuts and takes away the wood piece. These can be obtained in several configurations and sizes.
3) THE PILOT – This is the guide for the router to make the exact cut. It can be an extension of the shank or a ball bearing accessory.
There are more than fifty different types of router bit profiles, but here are the basic four sorts of router bits:
1) GROOVING BITS – These bits make a groove in the piece of wood. This type of bit is frequently used for street address sign boards for houses. Different types of grooving bits include the V-Groove, the Round-Nose, and the Straight Bit.
2) JOINERY BITS – These router bits help to make few differing kinds of joints.
3) EDGE BITS – These bits are used to form different – shaped edges in woodwork.
4) SPECIALIZED BITS – These bits don’t fit in any of the above categories and have more specialized purposes including the Key Hole, Raised Panel, and T-Slot bits.
Carbide v/s HSS bits:
Almost all of the bits that you will find available in hardware stores are carbide (short for tungsten carbide) tipped router bits. These router bits are made from a really hard material that stays sharp and longer than steel. These bits are also resistant to heat. However, this type of router bit can easily and awfully chip. This is why the majority of the bits are tipped and not made completely of carbide material.
High-Speed Steel (HSS) bits have been around for a longer time but are not as widely available as the carbide bits. An HSS router bit isn’t as dear and also dulls reasonably faster.
The HSS router bit is more suitable for occasional working while a carbide router bits is meant for bigger uses, lasting twenty times longer than the HSS router bit.

Looking for your bits:
1) The proper way to look after the Router Bits is to keep them set in good condition as would want to do small amounts of cutting at times. This not only keeps you away from overheating issues but will also lengthen and strengthen the life of the router bit.
2) Always use the shortest and widest bit possible for your project. This could again prevent overheating and will also avoid chattering.
3) Always keep your router bits clean and free from pitch and in good shape to avoid dulling them.
4) Remove any pitch and tar from the router bit. If not removed, it’ll cause the bit to bounce roughly on the surface every time you rout.
5) Commercial bit cleaner can also be employed to get rid of pitch and tar; however, a scrap piece of wood will usually do the job.
The parts of a router bit, types of bits, difference between HSS bits and carbide bits and the proper care of router bits are all vital things to appreciate while selecting your router bit set. This core set of knowledge will always help you to know what you need in a router bit set and how to use it appropriately and suitably.